$1.00 operations management
For these questions be careful to do more than state your “opinion”. Be sure you can fully explain and support “how” and “why” you arrived at your conclusions. You probably have read in more than one textbook that scientific management is no longer the mainstream model of human resource management. What concepts of scientific management are useful today? Is there any remaining use of time and motion studies, of standard times, or of man-machine interaction studies? Based on your (perhaps limited) work experiences, or based on your interview of a person working in a manufacturing or quasi-manufacturing (fast food production) job, are there still elements of these tools of scientific management? If they still exist, are they “dinosaurs” waiting for extinction, or are they the evolved “birds” that have appropriate use in the workplace?
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- Posted on Jul. 27, 2011 at 07:30:53AM
Preview: ... activities of workers, scientific management discovered methods to make every worker more efficient. Time and motion studies and other workplace studies analyzed work operations and discovered the most effective and efficient ways to perform jobs. By discovering how to maximize the efforts of everyone in a company, profitability could increase, making organizations better able to compete in the global marketplace. Offshore Markets The development of offshore markets is one of the most significant developments that scientific management has produced in the 21st century. As a result of its rigorous analysis of labor techniques, many functions that once were accomplished in the United States are now performed overseas. Scientific management measured the most effective and cost efficient manners to produce goods and services. Frequently, because of the high labor costs in America, companies moved production of goods and provision of certain services to India, China, Korea and other countries, where labor costs and taxes are much lower. Total Quality Total quality is a direct result of scientific management. Many principles of quality improvement and the Six Sigma method of quality management trace their origins to scientific management. The philosophies of continuous improvement, constantly seeking better ways to improve quality, are also directly related to scientific management. Japanese management, which led to the quality movement, traces many of its principles to scientific management. The automotive industry and the military have also greatly improve ...
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